The danger of mining accidents (fires, explosive gas explosions, gushing water, etc.) required the establishment of rescue stations and rescue teams. The origin of rescue services in our country is connected with plant in Handlová, where industrial coal mining began in 1909. In 1914, the Mining Captainate in Banská Bystrica ordered the mine management to set up a rescue station in the coal mine in Handlová. Six pieces of Dräger isolation oxygen device were purchased for the mine. The uniformly organized activity of the Mining Rescue Service in Slovakia began in 1957, when the new Mining Act was in force. Mining Rescue Service is currently one of the basic rescue components of the integrated rescue system of the Slovak Republic. The current Mining Act has been in force since 1988. Despite technological progress and ever stricter safety regulations, injuries and, rarely, fatal accidents still occur at mining workplaces.